Prof Jagan Nath Azad

Iqbaliyat

 
Interest In Iqbal | Work on Iqbal | Iqbal Exhibition | Iqbal Centenary Celebrations | Lost in the Floods |
Awards & Honours | Books on Iqbal | Lectures on Iqbal


Interest in Iqbal

Mazar-e-Iqbal

Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938), poet, philospher & politician, was a leading literary light of the Indian sub-continent in the early 20th century. Azad's interest in Iqbal developed when, during his time at D A V College, he came across booklets containing Shama'a Aur Shair, Fariyad-e-Ummat, Shikoh and Jawab-e-Shikoh etc. This early introduction led to Azad's serious research of Iqbal's life & works, followed by publication of his findings and, by the 1970s, to his recognition as the expert on Iqbal.

At the first Yom-e-Iqbal held (during his college days) in Rawalpindi, Azad read his paper, Iqbal Ki Manzar Nigaari. The paper was, subsequently, published in Humanyun (Lahore) and Adabi Duniya, Lahore).

In the foreword to Boo-e-Ramida, Azad refers to Nazr-e-Iqbal as his first poetry collection. This book was never published. Its production was disrupted by the partition of India and the manuscripts were lost during his move from Lahore to Delhi. Poems that had been previously printed in various publications and could be salvaged were included in Bekran. Shaikh Sir Abdul Qadir had written a deebacha (introduction) for inclusion in Nazr-e-Iqbal. Azad was genuinely pleased to have the deebacha, found amongst his papers, included in Begum Hameeda Sultan Ahmed's 'Jagan Nath Azad Aur Us Ki Shairi' as well as in Muhammad Haneef Shahid's compilation of Shaikh Sir Abdul Qadir's works - also titled Nazr-e-Iqbal.

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Work on Iqbal

Azad's books (in Urdu & English) on Iqbal are recognised as the definitive reference for Allama Iqbal's life & work. His extension & special lectures were delivered at universities at home and abroad.

From the early 1970s, he served in various capacities on a number of Iqbal-related organisations and presided over Iqbal-related functions:

  • Joint Secretary of the All India Iqbal Birth Centenary Committee (1973)

  • Member (Representing the Govt of Jammu & Kashmir) of the Iqbal Memorial Committee (1977)

  • Chairman, Iqbal Memorial Trust (1977)

  • Advisor to the Films Division, Government of India for the film on Iqbal (1977)

  • Organisor (on behalf of the Govt of India) of the Iqbal Exhibition as part of the Iqbal Birth Centenary Celebrations at the University of Jammu (1978)

  • President of the Iqbal Memorial Trust for a term of five years (1981)

  • Founder Member (nominated by the Govt of Madhya Pradesh) of Allama Iqbal Markaz, Bhopal (1983)

  • Presided over the Seminar on Iqbal organised by the University of Kashmir's Iqbal Institure (1988)

  • Presided over Yom-e-Iqbal celebrations organised by Bazm-e-Urdu (Doha) (Qatar, 1992)

  • Presided over Valedictory Session of the Iqbal Seminar organised by A N Sinha Institute of Social Studies (Patna,)1995

  • Presided over three sessions of Iqbal Centenary celebrations in Hyderabad (India)

  • Presided over Iqbal Day Celebraions organised by Bazm-e-Adab (Jalgaon) & Madhya Pradesh Muslim Educational Trust (Jabalpur)


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Iqbal Exhibition - 1973

As Director of Public Relations with the Government of India's Press Information Bureau, Azad was instrumental in organising an exhibition on Iqbal with support from the Govt of India. Starting with Jammu & Kashmir, the exhibition travelled to many cities & towns including Ajmer, Aligarh, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Chenai (Madras), Delhi, Hyderabad, Lucknow, Mumbai (Bombay), Patna & Poona. The exhibition was mounted in the face of opposition from certain quarters but proved to be popular with the literary community and was considered to be a 'great success'. Photographs of selected photographs, manuscripts and other documents were, subsequently compiled & published by Azad as Muraqqa-e-Iqbal - dedicated to Dr Javed Iqbal (Allama's son and an eminent scholar in his own right).

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Iqbal Centenary Celebrations - 1977

One of the proudest events of his life was his participation in the Iqbal Centenary celebrations. He was granted the honour of presiding over the inaugral (in Lahore) & concluding (in Sialkote) sessions of the Iqbal National Congress and was awarded the Iqbal Centenary Gold Medal & a plaque from the Congress.

When he lead the international delegates' parade to Allama Iqbal's ancestral home in Sialkote, people joining the parade formed a procession that stretched for some three miles and local residents showered the parade with petals.

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The Lost 'Zakheera-e-Kutub' - 1988

The flood caused by the collapse of the embankment of River Tavi in September 1988 engulfed the University of Jammu. The resulting damage was reported widely in the Indo-Pak communications media.

Azad's room on the ground floor of the University building was not spared and he suffered the loss of invaluable research material on Iqbal (accumulated over a period of several years) & irreplaceable manuscripts of his 3rd & 4th volumes of Roodaad-e-Iqbal. The flood destroyed over 250 books on 'Iqbaliyat' and numerous original letters & scholarly documents gathered from across India & Pakistan.Azad had removed these documents from his home to his place of work, considering the latter to be safer but (according to Mirza Ghalib) Ghalib.

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Awards & Honours

Azad's work on Iqbal was acknowledged by poetry lovers and governments alike and they bestowed him with honours. These are a few of them:

  • Pakistan President's Iqbal:Medal from the Government of Pakistan (1979)

  • Iqbal Award, Robe of Honour & Silver Plaque from the Iqbal Memorial Trust (1980)

  • Memento from the Iqbal International Seminar (Hyderabad, India) (1986)

  • Gold Medal from the Iqbal Academy (Hyderabad, India) (1987)

  • Reception in Azad's honour convened by Iqbal Academy (UK) (Birmingham, 1990)

  • Mushaira in Azad's honour convened by Iqbal Academy (UK) and Anjuman-e-Urdu (UK)(Birmingham, 1991)

  • Memento from the Iqbal Academy (UK) (Birmingham, 1995)

Azad considered reference to Iqbal as "the poet of Pakistan" or "the philosopher of Pakistan" as wholly inappropriate. To him Iqbal was "a bridge between the East & the West", an "international" and "as much of India as of Pakistan".

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Books on Iqbal: His poetry, philosophy & life

Title
First
Issue
Comment

Iqbal Aur Us Ka Ehad

1960

Recommended as essential reading for higher studies on 'Iqbaliyat"

Iqbal Aur Maghribi Mufakkireen

1975

Recipient of Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Award (1976)

Iqbal Ki Kahani

1976

Iqbal's Biography. Recipient of Bihar Urdu Academy Award (1979)

Iqbal: Zindagi Aur Shakhsiyat

1977

Text book for Government of India's state schools.
Recipient of Government of Punjab Bhasha Vibhag Award (1979)

Bachchon Ka Iqbal

1977

Compilation:of Allama Iqbal's poems for children

Iqbal Aur Kashmir

1977

Recipient of J & K Academy of Arts Award (1979) and Meer Award (1981)

Muraqqa-e-Iqbal

1977

Compilation: Life & works of Allama Iqbal in words & pictures.
Produced in conjunction with the Iqbal exhibition organised by Azad

Fiqr-e-Iqbal Ke Baaz Aham Pehlu

1982

Literary Criticism

Iqbal: Poetry & Philosophy

1982

In English

Iqbal: Mind & Art

1983

In English

Mohammed Iqbal: Ek Adabi Sawanah-e-Hayat

1985

Biography of Allama Iqbal. Recipient ofBihar Urdu Academy (1984)

Hindustan Mein Iqbaliat

1989

Literary Criticism

Tarjuma-e-Javed Nama

 

Translation of Iqbal's Javed Nama (Book of Eternity written in Farsi and published in 1932)

Roodaad-e-Iqbal (Volume I)

2005

Biography of Allama Iqbal, planned in five volumes. Research material & manuscripts of volumes III & IV and and a large part of volume V were destroyed in the flood of 1988. Azad found it impossible to reconstruct the lost manuscripts and, hence, these works were never published.

Roodaad-e-Iqbal (Volume II)

 

Roodaad-e-Iqbal (Volume V)

 

Iqbal: Zindagi Aur Fiqr-o-Fun

 

Definitive work on the life, philosophy and poetic art of Allama Iqbal


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Extension & Special Lectures On Iqbal Delivered at Universities

1956

University of Jammu, Jammu, J & K, India

  1. Iqbal and India

  2. Mysticism in Iqbal's Poetry

  3. Iqbal and His Age

1960

University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Poetic Art of Iqbal

1971

University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J & K, India

  1. Iqbal and Modern Western Philosophers

  2. Iqbal and Nietzche

  3. Iqbal and Bergson

University of Jammu, Jammu, J & K, India

Comparative Study of Javed Nama and Divine Comedy

1973

University of Jammu, Jammu, J & K, India

  1. Iqbal and Socialism

  2. Iqbal: Patriotism and Nationalism

University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J & K, India

Iqbal and the Truth of Life (English)

1977

University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

My Impressions of the Allama Iqbal International Congress

1978

University of Moscow, Moscow, USSR

Iqbal's Vision of the New Man (English)

University of Tajikistan, Dushambe, Tajikistan, USSR

Iqbal's Philosophy of Life (English)

University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India

  1. Iqbal: Poetry and Philosophy (English)

  2. Iqbal: Poet and Politician (English)

  3. Indian Background of Iqbal's Poetry (English)

1979

Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

The Iqbal International Congress in Pakistan

Karnataka Arts College, University of Karnataka,
Dharwar, Karnataka, India

  1. Man in Iqbal's System of Thought

  2. Iqbal: Discarded Poetic Compositions

  3. Iqbal and Dignity of Man

1980

University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Iqbal's Concept of Time

University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan

Iqbal's Relevance in the Present Age

University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan

Iqbal: A Poet of Muslims Only?

Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Linguistic Patterns of Iqbal's Poetry

1981

University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan

Comparative Study of Iqbaliyat in India and Pakistan

University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

  1. Iqbal and Prem Chand

  2. Iqbal's Concept of Time

  3. Iqbal's Revision of His Poetry

  4. Iqbal's Ideal Man

  5. Iqbal: A Poet of Muslims Only?

  6. Iqbal's Philosophy of Life (English)

East-West University, Chicago, USA

Iqbal: A Universal Poet

University of Nagpur, Nagpur, India

Kalam-e-Iqbal Ka Sauti Ahang

1982

University of Udaipur, Udaipur, India

  1. Iqbal: A Poet of Muslims Only?

  2. Iqbal's Philosophy of Self

  3. Iqbal on Fine Arts

  4. Iqbal's Educational Philosophy

Iqbal Institute, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India

  1. Iqbal and Josh [Malihabadi]

  2. Iqbal and Dignity of Man

1984

Department of Urdu, University of Lucknow,
Lucknow, India

Iqbal's Poetry and Philosophy

1985

University of Bangalore, Bangalore, India

Iqbal: Maker of Language

University of Behram, Mysore, India

Iqbal: A Bridge Between East and West

1986

University of Bahrain, Bahrain, UAE

Some Aspects of Iqbal's Poetry

University of Patna, Patna, India

Some Aspects of Iqbal's Poetry

1987

Iqbal Institute, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India

  1. Iqbaliyat in India After Independence - Part 1

  2. Iqbaliyat in India After Independence - Part 2

University of Bhopal, Bhopal, India

Study of Iqbal at University Level

1988

Iqbal Institute, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India

  1. Iqbal's Relevance in India and the Third World

  2. Iqbal and Democracy

1990

University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA

Iqbal and the West

1991

University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Iqbal: His Poetry and Philosophy

The Oriental Institute
Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic,
Prague, Czechoslovakia

Humanism in Iqbal (English)

University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J & K, India
In collaboration with University of Jammu
(Refresher Course)

Iqbal: His Art and Thought

University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J & K, India
(Refresher Course)

  1. Studies in Iqbal Outside the Indo-Pak Subcontinent

  2. Iqbal and Josh

1992

University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J & K, India
In collaboration with University of Jammu
(Refresher Course)

  1. Artistic Beauty in Iqbal's Poetry

  2. Iqbal's Relevance Today

  3. Iqbal's System of Thought

  4. World Literature and Iqbal

University of Kashmir, Srinagar, J & K, India
In collaboration with University of Jammu
(Orientation Course)

Iqbal's Philosophy of Life (English)

University of Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Iqbaliyat in India

Central University, Hyderabad, India

Iqbal: Philosophy and the West

1993

Osmania University, Hyderabad, India

Iqbal: Art and Thought

1994

University of Bombay, Bombay, India

Iqbal: Philosophy and Religion

University of Calcutta, Calcutta, India

Iqbal: Philosophy and Poetry

1995

Iqbal Academy, University of Birmingham
Birmingham, UK

Iqbal and the Fine Arts: Heritage of Islamic Creativity
(Keynote address on Aesthetics in Iqbal's Poetry)

1996

University of Bombay, Bombay, India

  1. Iqbal's Relevance Today

  2. Iqbal: A Poet of Muslims Only?


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Updated on 2 October 2011
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